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Hi I’m currently doing an assignment on sociological perspectives on gender – mainly how biological determinism and socially constructed notions of gender are used to explain gender differences…

In the same line of thought, high positions like the position of top managers have in most cases been given to men owing to the issues of women being viewed as the weaker sex. Given the many injustices that have been committed against women, it is imperative to point out that there has in the recent times an increase in the number of working women in workplace; some as employees and others as managers. In actuality, women have been pointed out as effective leaders in the contemporary corporate world. In a more practical point of view, gender inequality in workplace has been witnessed as an obvious practice in the case of payment. In line with this, U.K statistics reveal that women who happen to work full-time match the 82 percent of the hourly pay for men along with the fact that those that work part-time earn 61 percent (Gottfried & Reese 2004, p.57).

In addition, there is a law in America which was adopted in 1979 known as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. It is abbreviated CEDAW which was adopted by UN General Assembly. Outstandingly, it is geared towards ending gender discrimination (Gottfried & Reese 2004, p.307). Equally important, it has been presented as the international Bill of Rights for Women given that women are the most discriminated due to gender differences. Apart from this point, there is also the U.S Equal Employment Opportunity Commission which puts it that each and everyone despite the differences in gender is entitled to an equal opportunity in cases of employment. Even though women have been the most affected in terms of workplace gender inequality, men have as well been discriminated. For instance, jobs like nursing have limited men just because they are men.

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Liberal feminists can shed light on some of the solutions to gender equality. For instance, they believe that all humans should be equal under law, so laws against sexist discrimination in the workplace or education, as well as the equal pay act all help towards this ideal. Women having more rights actually helps men too because men can express their feminine identity. Being ‘such a girl’ or ‘throwing like a girl’ is only an insult because women are seen as the weaker gender and thus being compared to one is an insult. Making women equal would mean that women are no longer the weaker sex and those insults wouldn’t exist, they can express their feminine side. Therefore they can explain ways in which to rid inequality.

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The gender inequality can be reviewed as a common social issue as well as a concrete problem of a certain family. Also, you can mention that gender inequality may take place at workplace, in the sphere of education, within a family relationship, on the market of certain products as well. As everybody talks about the women being pressed, as this is more frequent situation, it will be interesting for you to mention the situations, where men are being discriminated.

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I found my textbook to be especially helpful in describing the different theories and perceptions of society; the Pew Research Center website was exceptionally insightful as well. Cotter, David, Joan Hermsen, and Reeve Vanneman. “The End of the Gender Revolution? Gender Role Attitudes from 1977 to 2008. ” American Journal of Sociology 117. 1 (2011): 259-89 JSTOR. Web. 14 Feb. 2013. David Cotter, Joan Hermsen, and Reeve Vanneman are all sociology professors who have come together to write an analysis of how gender role attitudes have fluctuated since the 1990s.

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One of the most prominent ones is race; since it is easy to identify. Race is related to the distinct biological characteristics of a person; skin color, hair color, eye shape, height ect. We can easily differentiate an African American from a white American. Another similar area to race is the ethnicity of a person. Ethnicity is the fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition. For example some commonly recognized American ethnic groups include American Indians, Latinos, Chinese, African Americans, European Americans, etc. Discrimination and social inequality on the base of race and ethnicity go hand in hand and is seen all over the world. In the article “office work and the crack alternative” Philippe Bourgois shows how a group Puerto Rican immigrants in New Harlem face discrimination because of their race. They are deprived of jobs at work places and are stereotyped as lazy and good for nothing.

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In the RGC perspective, race, gender and class are presentedas equivalent systems of oppression with extremely negativeconsequences for the oppressed. It is also asserted that thetheorization of the connections between these systems require "aworking hypothesis of equivalency" (Collins, 1997:74). Whether ornot it is possible to view class as just another system ofoppression depends on the theoretical framework within class isdefined. If defined within the traditional sociology ofstratification perspective, in terms of a gradation perspective,class refers simply to strata or population aggregates ranked onthe basis of standard SES indicators (income, occupation, andeducation) (for an excellent discussion of the difference betweengradational and relational concepts of class, see Ossowski, 1963). Class in this non-relational, descriptive sense has no claims tobeing more fundamental than gender or racial oppression; it simplyrefers to the set of individual attributes that place individualswithin an aggregate or strata arbitrarily defined by the researcher(i.e., depending on their data and research purposes, anywhere fromthree or four to twelve "classes" can be identified).